You can watch a video tutorial here.

In statistical analysis, you will frequently need to summarize the data that you are studying. This includes finding out metrics such as the mean, median, and mode that gives you an idea of the nature of the data.

In Excel, you can find the mean, median, and mode by using the Data Analysis tool or by using the following functions.

- AVERAGE(): this returns the mean of a set of numbers
- Syntax: AVERAGE(range)
- range: the range or set of numbers

- Syntax: AVERAGE(range)
- MEDIAN(): this returns the median or the middle of a set of numbers
- Syntax: MEDIAN(range)
- range: the range or set of numbers

- Syntax: MEDIAN(range)
- MODE.SNGL(): this returns the mode or the most frequently occurring number of a set of numbers
- Syntax: MODE.SNGL(range)
- range: the range or set of numbers

- Syntax: MODE.SNGL(range)

## Option 1 – Use the Data Analysis tool

*Note: If the **Data Analysis **button is on the **Data > Analyze** ribbon, then skip Steps 1 to 3 below. *

### Step 1 – Open the **Excel Options** window

- Go to
**File > Options**

### Step 2 – Manage the Add-ins

- Go to
**Add-ins** - Select
**Excel Add-ins**from the**Manage**drop-down - Click
**Go**

### Step 3 – Load the **Analysis ToolPak **add-in

- Select
**Analysis ToolPak** - Click
**OK**

### Step 4 – Open the **Descriptive Statistics **window

- Go to
**Data > Analyze** - Click on the
**Data Analysis**button - In the window, select
**Descriptive Statistics** - Click
**OK**

### Step 5 – Set the parameters

- Define the input range:
- Input Range: the range of the ‘Height (cm)’ column
- Tick
**Labels in first row** - Output Range: where the result is to be displayed
- Tick
**Summary Statistics**

- Click
**OK**

### Step 6 – Check the result

- The descriptive statistics are displayed for the dataset
- The Mean, Median and Mode are part of the statistics

## Option 2 – Use the functions

### Step 1 – Find the mean

- Select the cell where the result is to be displayed
- Type the formula using cell references:

=AVERAGE(Height (cm))

- Press
**Enter**

### Step 2 – Find the median

- Select the cell where the result is to be displayed
- Type the formula using cell references:

=MEDIAN(Height (cm))

- Press
**Enter**

### Step 3 – Find the mode

- Select the cell where the result is to be displayed
- Type the formula using cell references:

=MODE.SNGL(Height (cm))

- Press
**Enter**

### Step 4 – Check the result

- The mean, median, and mode are displayed
- They match the values given in the
**Descriptive Statistics**